Norbert Wiener invented the field of cybernetics and conceptualized the thinking that computer technology extends human capabilities.
Norbert Wiener was born on November 26, 1894, and received his Ph.D. in Mathematics from Harvard University at the age of 18 for a thesis on mathematical logic.
During World War II, Wiener worked on guided missile technology, and observed how the feedback principle was being used when a missile changes its flight in response to its current position and direction. He also noticed that the feedback principle was also a key feature of life forms from the simplest plants to the most complex animals and they change their actions in response to their environment. Wiener developed this concept into the field of cybernetics, concerning the combination of man and electronics. The book on Cybernetics was published in 1948.